Damage to the spinal cord happens in many ways, but some of the most common causes of injuries to the spinal cord are external trauma. Non-traumatic injury to the spinal cord is possible, but is not nearly as common.
So you may be wondering what the spinal cord is, and that’s easy! The spinal cord is a large bundle of nerves, basically, that delivers impulses to and from the brain to the rest of the body. The brain’s the “command center”, and it sends out commands to every single part of your body—or it should. A spinal cord injury might stop that from happening.
The spinal cord is roughly 18 inches long, extending from the base of the brain to the middle of the back, about the waist. A spinal cord injury can be complete, or incomplete. A complete injury means that there’s no function below the injury, and an incomplete means there’s some function, but not much.
There are four types of spinal cord injuries, cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral.
Types of Spinal Cord Injuries
The vertebrae that can be injured are named by their location—so dependent upon whether they’re cervical, thoracic, sacral or lumbar will depend on the letter that goes before the vertebrae’s number, which indicates where it’s at in the spinal cord.
The cervical spinal cord is made up of seven vertebrae in the neck, C-1 through C-7. This type of injury can cause loss of function in the arms and legs, and can result in quadriplegia.
The 12 vertebrae in the chest, or the thoracic area, are the thoracic vertebrae—T-1 through T-12. Injuries to this region affect the chest and legs, often causing paraplegia.
Then you have the lower back, the lumbar vertebrae. There are five of these—L-1 to L-5. This type of injury causes issues in the legs and other organs.
Last but not least, comes the sacral vertebrae, of which there are five—S-1 through S-5. Injuries to this section can cause issues in the legs, hips and other organs.
Common Causes of Spinal Cord Injuries
Spinal cord injuries often occur due to vehicle accidents, gunshot wounds, falls, sports-related injuries and other similar accidents. If you’ve received a spinal cord injury due to negligence or violence, reach out to a spinal cord injury lawyer in Indianapolis, IN, and let them help with your case.
Ward & Ward Law Firm has a lot of experience, around nine decades. Trust them with your case, and let them help you move on with your life after an accident that leaves you with a spinal cord injury. Moving on isn’t easy, but having a lawyer who understands it, can greatly help with moving forward. These lawyers have an open door policy, and their focus is their client’s.